WHAT ARE THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD?
The human civilization has built many marvellous structures to inspire the World for centuries. The Seven Wonders of the World was initiated to let the World know about “must-see” which would leave everyone in awe. The concept was brought into reality by Philo in Byzantine in 225 BCE. A list of seven wonders was then created of which only The Great Pyramid of Giza exists today.
In 2007, the time came to update the list as the Wonders of the World did not exist anymore except one and new Seven Wonders came into form. So, what are 7 Wonders of the World and where can we find them?
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
Being the longest man-made structure ever built, the Great Wall of China is a global tourist destination. Its great length and the historic value define its uniqueness.
It is a series of fortifications built by different emperors for over 2000 years which was then joined together resulting in the Great Wall. The purpose of this wall was to protect the people of China from its enemies. It also served as a barrier for the Country to separate the Chinese people and their culture from the rest of the World.
Replicating the dragon or snake twisting around mountains, deserts, and parks, the wall is stretched in 9,000 to 10,000 Kilometres. The 15 to 30 feet thick and 26 feet tall wall is enough to protect the country physically as well as psychologically.
The Great Wall is a mishmash of materials made up of brick and compacted earth at some places while wood and stone at other.
It definitely is one of the places to visit for its unique features.
CHICHEN ITZA, MEXICO
Chichen Itza is a pre-Columbian city built by Maya civilization between the 9th and 12th centuries. Presently, only a few structures remain in this site, of which ‘El Castillo’, the largest and most famous pyramid dominates the archaeological site. Standing still for almost 1500 years, the core of Chichen Itza is spread over 5 square kilometers. Chichen Itza stands for “The mouth at the well of Itza”.
The site is rich with many architectural styles and it is believed that it gained its fame due to its closeness to the Xtoloc Cenote (underground source of fresh water).
El Catillo is known to be the tallest structure in the city, standing at a height of 98 feet. The pyramid is generally misunderstood as the Chichen Itza because of its popularity.
Some of the other natural wonders of Chichen Itza are the Great Ball Court, the Temple of the Warriors, and the Sacred Cenote.
Chichen Itza made its way to the Seven Wonders of the World because of its culturally significant man-made wonders.
Petra, surrounded by historical and architectural jaw-dropping features is a city located in southern Jordan. Its known features are the rock-cut architecture and the water conduit system.
The city name Petra was derived from the Greek word ‘Petros’, which means rocks. It is also named as the “Rose City” due to the color of the carved stone.
Petra houses approx 800 tombs; therefore it is also famous as “The Royal Tombs”. The Treasury is the most renowned tombs of all which is estimated to be 2000 years old. The archaeological city is one of the oldest in the world.
The city wouldn’t have existed without its water conduit system, which was used as storage and source of water supply.
Petra gained much popularity after being filmed in various notable movies.
The half-built and half-carved city from 1St century is a gem hidden in mountains, which leaves no chance to be missed.
MACHU PICCHU, PERU
Machu Picchu, a heavenly site located at the top of the mountains is found at an altitude of 8000 feet. The city is spread in 80,000 acres of land and means “Old Mountains” in Quechua.
The city built in the 15th century was abandoned after 100 years and was rediscovered in the 20th century when it got covered by the jungle.
The agricultural terraces, waterfalls, stone pathways, and the granite buildings merging in the mountains is no less than the natural beauty. The three important structures of Machu Picchu are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.
It was also named as the “Fantastic city above the clouds” and is unquestionably the mesmerizing place to visit.
CHRIST THE REDEEMER, BRAZIL
Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco style 98 feet tall statue of Jesus Christ with arms wide open. It is situated 200 feet high on a 2,300-foot tall mountain. The statue standing as a symbol of Christianity towers the city.
The concrete and soapstone statue rises up to 125 feet including its pedestal and the length of the open arms measures 92 feet. It weighs more than 630 tons. The huge dimensions of the statue make it easily visible from the city below. The construction lasted for seven years after being started in 1922.
The massive concrete statue could not have easily survived the tropical climate of Rio. Therefore, a set of lightning rods were installed into the structure of the statue.
The statue can be accessed through elevators, escalators, and numerous walkways. The inside of the statue is only accessible to the workers through the staircase for restoration purposes.
The youngest of all the wonders which is not even 100 years old is worth making a trip.
The Colosseum, the largest amphitheatre of the Roman Empire situated in Italy was built in 80 A.D and took 9 years to complete its construction.
The stone and concrete amphitheater can be accessed through 80 entrances and can house 50,000 visitors. The amphitheater was made to hold Gladiator fights, animal hunts, chariot races, drama, and play. At times it was filled with water to make it look like an Ocean and the boat battles were held.
Colosseum went through severe damages in earthquakes and robbery, still, survived to make a way in the Seven Wonders of the World.
You can enter into another world if you go below the Roman Colosseum. It holds rooms for gladiators who waited during the battles, hallways, and cages where beasts were kept.
The stage can be accessed through ramps and lifts. It is a remarkable feature of the amphitheater which allows a grand entry to the participants.
The view of the arena, the underground tunnels, the grandstand, and the galleries, everything will leave you in surprise when you visit the center of Rome.
TAJ MAHAL, INDIA-
The Taj Mahal, an ivory-white marble mausoleum was built by Shah Jehan as a memorial to his wife in 1648. The tomb is a masterpiece of Mughal Architecture which combines elements of Islamic, Indian, Ottoman, Persian, and Turkish styles.
The tomb is the point of attraction of a 42-acre complex which includes a mosque, guest house, and many gardens.
Taj Mahal was built as a symbol of love and was worth the wait as it took 22 years for its construction.
It is believed that the white marble reflects the sky, so the monument changes its color throughout the day. The pinkish early morning Taj, milky white at noon, sparkling golden during sunset, and shimmering silver in the moonlight is for sure place to visit.
Surely, we all are awed with the beauty of these Seven Wonders of the World. We definitely had a virtual tour of these masterpieces standing at different locations of the World and can’t wait to see them in real life.