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Jeddah Tower, beating the record of the World’s tallest building after Burj Khalifa is about to come live in Saudi Arabia. Rising from the desert, the building is planned to be the first one in the entire World to touch the 1 km height. The older names for the buildings were “Kingdom Tower” and “Mile-High Tower”. The building was finally named after the city it is located in, Jeddah. The design of the Jeddah Tower is by the same American Architect who designed Burj Khalifa, Architect Adrian Smith.

When is the building going to complete its shape?

The construction of the building was started in 2013 and was supposed to finish by 2020. But, since 2018 Jeddah tower progress is at halt which delayed the project. The date for the opening of the building is not yet known but when it opens it is going to be the icon of Saudi Arabia.

Image Source: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill
3D view of the Jeddah Tower.

Jeddah Tower – An independent city

The tower is going to be the crown jewel of Jeddah. The commercial and residential project of 57 million square feet (5.3 million square meters) is going to host homes, hotels, offices, and tourist attractions.

Other than this, the building is going to be home for a five-star Four Seasons Hotel and 325 apartments. There are also going to be 97 service apartments, of which seven will be duplexes. The tower is no less than a city with all the facilities under one roof.

The multiple purposes of this building will be divided into a total of 170 floors including 2 floors below ground level. The 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) tall, the future of skyscrapers is an achievement in the architectural and construction field.

Design ideologies behind Jeddah Tower

The building is designed in Y-shape the same as Burj Khalifa which promotes stability and tapers smoothly. Furthermore, the three wings of the building will discontinue at different heights, tapering at different rates, looking like a three-part spire. The tri-pedal shaped design is an inspiration from the leaves of desert plants which is beneficial for well-lit interiors.

A series of balconies are going to emerge from the building’s facade, providing a cool outdoor element to the occupants. It is also going to shade the tower’s surface by reducing direct solar contact.

A circular sky terrace of 30 meters (98 feet) peeks from one of the top levels. It was originally designed as a helipad but later declared an unsuitable landing environment by the pilots. This is one such feature that will be prominent in the entire World.

The lower floors of the tower are dedicated for offices to take advantage of a larger footprint, followed by hotels, service apartments and residential units. An observatory deck has been planned at a height of 652m (2139 feet). The topmost of the building will hold a massive penthouse with beautiful scenery of Jeddah.

Materials-

Materials are not only important for the strength of the building but have various roles. Let’s learn how materials have helped in Jeddah Tower.

  • The building facade will be seen in concrete and steel, similar to all other skyscrapers in the World. Concrete and steel make it possible for tall buildings to sustain.
  • To beat Jeddah’s maximum temperature of 55 degrees Celsius, low conductivity glass has been used in the exterior facade. This will help in reducing the power consumption of air conditioning in the interiors.

Elevators-

The sleek skyscraper is planned to have 59 elevators, of which 5 are double-decker. The speed of the elevators is 10m/s that cannot be increased further because the sudden change in air pressure can cause nausea.

The solution for wastage of time in elevators is going to be the same as most of the other skyscrapers. Three sky lobbies will host the exchange of elevators that will have access to only specific areas.

Survival of the tallest structure

At such a huge height, where the building has to save itself from many possible calamities, how is Jeddah Tower height going to Survive?

  • The triangular-shaped plan and the tapering concept of the Jeddah Tower help in reducing the Wind load of the building.
  • The foundation pile of the building is 10 feet in diameter; almost equal to the size of a small room. Maybe like, one you are sitting in right now while reading this. The length of each pile is 360 feet. The building rests on such a strong foundation.
  • Concrete in many parts of the building is few meters thick making the building possible to sustain.
  • Tall structures require a huge amount of steel for its strength. Hence there is a probability that the steel used can reach up to 80,000 tonnes.
  • According to structure design, the building has no columns. Each floor consists of 85-Mpa reinforced-concrete walls, linked by beams.
  • Bartec couplers are used in the columns and vertical joints. This allows for faster connections of prefabricated cages.
  • Special bridging couplers are also used to connect the slab and columns.

Present-day Jeddah Tower

The Jeddah Tower today is only an incomplete skeleton after its halt in 2018. The Jeddah tower construction stopped when it reached a quarter of its height. The current height of the tower is 266 meters (870 feet) and only 66 stories are built.

Only time will tell if it’s actually going to touch 1 Km height or going beyond it. In the game of Jeddah tower vs Burj Khalifa, the World is going to reach another achievement and many more in the coming years.

Setting the new benchmark for upcoming projects, Jeddah Tower is going to inspire the designers of today. It definitely is going to leave all of us open-mouthed with its unique design.

Present situation of the Jeddha Tower.

Sneha Dewani

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